Wildlife Guide --->> Parks : : Sanctuaries : : Wildlife Safari : : Tiger Reserves : : Jungle Resorts : : Eco Tourism
Tour Packages --->> Wildife Tours In India : : Wildlife Travel Packages : : Taj & Tiger : : Tiger Trails : : North India Wildlife : : Bird Tours ..... more
Indian Wildlife Tours : Wild Species In India

Wild Species In India
ElephantIndian Elephant
  • Major Regions: Karnataka, Tamilnadu, Kerala, Uttara Pradesh, Orissa, & Assam
  • Famous Elephant Reserves: Periyar Widlife Sanctuary, Bandipur & Nagarhole National Parks
  • Other Wildlife Attractions: Tiger, Gaur, Sambar, Chital, Leopard.
Elephants are the largest living land mammals. At birth it is common for an elephant calf to weigh 100 kg . It takes 20 to 22 months for a baby elephant to mature to birth, the longest gestation period of any land animal. An elephant may live as long as 70 years.

Physical Feature
The Asian elephant has been captured, tamed and worked by people for more than 4,000 years; it triggers the human imagination like no other animal. An average Indian elephant is anything between 2.4 m to 3 m tall, and weighs anything between 3,600 kg to 5000 kg! Elephants in general are the largest existing land mammals and they have the biggest brains in the animal kingdom (weighing 5 kg or 11 lbs). Their hearts beat 28 times a minute. It also requires about 200 kg of green fodder, and due to dwindling habitat areas, there has been a drastic fall in their numbers. They are now an endangered species.

Habitat & Diets
The Asian elephant is found in the wild in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Vietnam. Asian elephants are randomly nomadic in accord with the season. Historically, they travel on a set course over longer periods that may take them as much as ten years to complete before arriving back at any one point. However, these travel patterns have been greatly reduced as fast-growing human populations now confine most elephants to National Parks because of habitat destruction and settlement encroachment.

They are found in a wide variety of forest types, but they tend to avoid large forests of closed canopies. Their distribution is limited by the need for water (about 100 liters) every day. Elephants are herbivores and spend up to 20 hours a day eating anywhere from 150 kg to 300 kg of jungle fodder or 6% to 8% of their body weight in food each day. They prefer feeding on grasses; however they also eat large amounts of bark, roots and leaves. Understandably, when elephants come across cultivated crops this food becomes addicting and as a result leads to human elephant confrontations. As far as cultivated foods, they seem to prefer rice, bananas and sugar cane.

Your trusted Online wildlife tour operator in India for tailor made & customized wildlife tour packages & bookings & other wildlife related travel services

Send us your details and


 Type Of Hotel :   5 Star      4 Star      3 Star      Heritage      Budget

Copyright © Indian Wildlife Tours All Rights Reserved
Site Designed & Maintained by Sai Info Soft & Promoted by  Indian Travel, Travel packages To India